On land, African clawless otters take shelter in underground burrows, under rocks, roots, or dense … However, it is declining, and so they are listed as near-threatened. Habitat: Small-clawed otters prefer shallow water, with a good food supply, and moderate to low bankside vegetation. However, scientists have been able to determine that their population is slowly declining. Species: Congo Clawless and Spotted-necked Otter. They also spend a great deal of time in the water in order to stay cool. The African Clawless Otter is similar in appearance to the Congo Clawless otter. Create your account, Already registered? It is widely-distributed across South Africa and the second largest freshwater otter species in the world, reaching between 113 and 163 cm in length and weighing between 12 and 21 kg. African clawless otter is a mammal that belongs to the weasel family. While it can get around on land, it is slow and often clumsy in the process. Results point to areas with dense reed beds and a rocky substrate on banks being used most intensively, probably on account of a localized high food biomass. The African clawless otter is Africa’s most widely distributed otter, from Senegal, through most parts of West Africa as far as Ethiopia, and in the south to South Africa. This species is semi-aquatic, meaning it splits its time between water and land. Surviving mostly in southern Africa, the otters live in areas surrounding permanent bodies of water, usually surrounded by some form of foliage. Aonyx capensis (African Clawless Otter) is a species of mammals in the family Mustelidae.It is listed as near threatened by IUCN and in CITES Appendix II.It is associated with freshwater habitat.African Clawless Otter is found in the Afrotropics.It is a solitary omnivore.Individuals are known to live for 132 months and can grow to 19322.22 g. In fact, it can be found in nearly every country across the African continent, including Southern, Eastern, and Western countries. courses that prepare you to earn African clawless otters ( ACO ) is a mamal that belongs to the weasel family. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons Spoor . Lammergeyer 23: 13-21. There they can live to be around 15 years old. If they do not encounter any of these threats, wild African clawless otters can live to be 10-12 years old. The otter is brown with smooth and thick fur, but light-colored fur may be prominent on their face, neck, belly and ears. 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Did you know… We have over 220 college Aonyx is the older name, so the Asian small-clawed otter is now Aonyx cinereus. Habitat. There are 13 extant species of otters (Kruuk, 2006). The scientific name for this species is Aonyx capensis, and it is also called the Cape clawless otter. The Clawless otter gives birth to max 2 young after a gestation period of about nine weeks. Otter litters may range from 1-5 pups. 5 Table 1. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. They occur in a wide variety of environments and most aquatic habitats, from freshwater lakes to the marine littoral,and even in episodic rivers in arid areas,provided freshwater sources are adequate and sufficient food is available. They can be seen in a variety of habitats; from semi-arid, open plains to rainforests. It does have small claws on its back feet, which are webbed and used to groom itself. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. Cape Clawless Otters occur in all major drainage systems in both summer and winter rainfall regions between the 50 mm and 1,250 mm isohyets (Nel & Somers 2007). On January 17th 2002 Mount Nyiragongo, ju… Anyone can earn This content is available for download via your institution's subscription. Sometimes the otter builds these by digging up to nine feet underground, below the water level. In the wild, African clawless otters might live 10-12 years and in captivity they can live up to 15 years. Lauren has taught intermediate reading in an English Language Institute, and she has her Master's degree in Linguistics. Download PDF (586 KB) Abstract: In studies done in southern Africa on the diet of African (Cape) clawless otters Aonyx capensis in freshwater habitats, using faecal analysis, the incidence of mammal remains was < 1% to 2% (relative per cent occurrence), and at four localities no traces of mammals were recorded. imaginable degree, area of 's' : ''}}. This species is semi-aquatic, meaning it splits its time between water and land. THE AFRICAN CLAWLESS OTTER CONSERVATION. 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As with most animals, their lifespan in captivity is longer. However, they usually stay within a much smaller section of this. The isotopic niche of African clawless otters in a coastal habitat overlapped substantially with previous reports on otter diet, but illustrated that otters eat more shark and molluscs than previously estimated. Log in here for access. They spend a great deal of their time laying around in the sun or even in t… flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? You currently do not have any folders to save your paper to! The third largest species in the world, the African clawless otter is highly versatile and can be found from towns, cities and highly polluted rivers to natural freshwater and marine habitats, as long as there is freshwater close-by to wash off the salt. They make use of freshwater and peat swamp forests, rice fields, lakes, streams, … Local presence is not affected by the width of a river or lake and may have a more extensive distribution in arid regions than previously thought (Nel & Somers 2007). Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal They can be found in a variety of habitats, including mangroves, beaches, and even desert-like areas. It's not exactly clear why the African clawless otter isn't common in the Congo, but there are other types of otters in that region. Accepting the inherent pitfalls of this approach we nevertheless feel using it is acceptable for a first approximation of habitat preferences over a large geographical area. Jan A. J. Nel, Michael J. Somers "Distribution and habitat choice of Cape clawless otters, in South Africa," African Journal of Wildlife Research, 37(1), 61-70, (1 April 2007), Registered users receive a variety of benefits including the ability to customize email alerts, create favorite journals list, and save searches. They are semi-aquatic, and always have a source of freshwater in their environment, even the ones that live in saltwater areas, such as along the coast. The African clawless otter has been found to travel through and sometimes inhabit polluted … - Quiz & Worksheet for Kids, Quiz & Worksheet - Sampling Techniques In Scientific Investigations, Quiz & Worksheet - Examples of Natural Disasters, Quiz & Worksheet - Science with Independent & Dependent Variables, Earth's Spheres and Internal Structure: Homework Help, California Sexual Harassment Refresher Course: Supervisors, California Sexual Harassment Refresher Course: Employees. They occur in a wide variety of environments and most aquatic habitats, from freshwater lakes to the marine littoral,and even in episodic rivers in arid areas,provided freshwater sources are adequate and sufficient food is available. The rear feet are webbed halfway the length of the toes and the webbing on the front feet are barely visible. just create an account. It is a similar status to 'vulnerable'. In fact, it can be found in nearly every country across the African continent, including Southern, Eastern, and Western countries. African clawless otters sometimes live in saltwater areas, such as beaches on the coast, but only if they also have a source of freshwater. The third largest species in the world, the African clawless otter (Aonyx capensis) is highly versatile and can be found in unpolluted rivers, lakes, dams, swamps and marshes: wherever freshwater crabs, its main food, are present. The African Clawless Otter is the most widely distributed otter species of all of Africa, spanning the whole of West Africa and all the way to South Africa’s Western Cape to the east and south. Very little is known about this species. Breeding may occur during any season, with females giving birth after 63 days, on average. The Congo clawless otter (Aonyx congicus) is a type of otter.It is also called the Cameroon clawless otter.. Services. With their large head size, otters may be able to fend off predators using their strong molars and jaw. Visit the Kingdom Animalia: Study Guide & Review page to learn more. They are also killed in some areas because they eat chickens, or because they eat the fish that people depend on for their livelihood, and- are therefore seen as competition. Otters are usually found no more than a few hundred meters from water. Please note that a BioOne web account does not automatically grant access to full-text content. Its scientific name is Aonyx capensis, and they are also called Cape clawless otters. Most species are entirely dependent on aquatic habitats for food. Africa. The dens are typically close to freshwater or not far from a shore. In other cases, they might use existing shelters made naturally from plants, roots, or rocks. They make dens by digging holes that can be up to six feet deep, extending from the surface down below water level. Giant otters (genus Pteronura) are found mainly in slow-moving rivers and creeks within forests, swamps, and marshes. Rowe-Rowe, D. T. (1977b). Cape clawless otters, Aonyx capensis, are widely distributed in South Africa, as elsewhere on the continent.They occur in a wide variety of environments and most aquatic habitats, from freshwater lakes to the marine littoral,and even in episodic rivers in arid areas,provided freshwater sources are adequate and sufficient food is available. You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. Their front paws are completely clawless with minimal webbing, giving them an appearance very similar to human hands. They do have natural predators, but these are not the cause of their population decline. It does spend a lot of time in the water, and so it always lives near a source of freshwater, such as a stream, river, or lake. Get access risk-free for 30 days, All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. It is believed to spend much more time on land than other otters. habitats (Mason and Macdonald, 1986). Slow and rather clumsy on land, they build burrows in banks near water, allowing for easier food access and a quick escape from predat… This animal is not much affected by turbid water as it locates prey by touch, and usually forages close to shores or banks. The African Clawless Otter spends a great deal of time in the water. This will count as one of your downloads. As you might expect, the African clawless otter lives in Africa. Lammergeyer 23: 22-27. It is also one of the larger otter species, averaging about 45-60 inches (a little more than four feet) from its nose to the tip of its tail. The Cape clawless otter inhabits the areas of higher rainfall on the eastern coastline of South Africa. - Anatomy, Family & Diet, Baikal Seal: Habitat, Adaptations, Predators & Facts, Ringed Seal: Habitat, Population & Adaptations, Signs, Symptoms & Causes of Bloat in Dogs, Biological and Biomedical They are found in most parts of Africa, but are absent in central Africa. Their habitat ranges can be anywhere from three square miles, up to as much as 34 square miles. Create a new folder below. Food ecology of otters in Natal, South Africa. Variations in the predatory behaviour of the clawless otter. Evidence of presence in given localities and habitats, distributed over a large area of the Northern, Western, and Eastern Cape provinces, was deduced from signs (faecal deposits or distinctive tracks) on land. Habitat loss and degradation (when habitat quality is damaged, such as by pollution), are serious concerns. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations. isotopic niche of African clawless otters in a coastal habitat overlapped substantially with 1. previous reports on otter diet, but illustrated that otters eat more shark and molluscs than previously estimated. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website. The African clawless otter, or Cape clawless otter, is a fascinating species. They don't range evenly throughout their territory. In addition, they have dexterous hands which are used to search for food, grab prey and turn over rocks. The African clawless otter lives in dens, or cave-like shelters. The Cape clawless otter, Aonyx capensis, is the most widely distributed otter species in southern Africa and persists in human-modified habitats, including large cities. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. It occurs in any large area of suitable habitat to the south of the Sahara, except the Congo Basin. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Rowe-Rowe, D. T. (1977c). and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. These otters prefer shallow water with thick reed beds, which are home to several favorable prey such as crab and fish. Translations are not retained in our system. It is an uncommon animal, and entirely absent from the drier and arid regions of the country. Inside its short, broad muzzle are relatively small teeth, which are adapted for catching fish instead of the crustaceans that the clawless otters eat. This species inhabits a wide variety of freshwater habitats, such as streams, rivers, lakes and estuaries, as well as marine habitats, including … Other than the water requirement, this otter can be found in a range of different habitat types. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Since they have predators on land including Nile crocodiles and eagles they tend to find it safer to be in the water. They occur in a wide variety of environments and most aquatic habitats, fromfreshwaterlakestothemarinelittoral,andeveninepisodicriversinaridareas,provided freshwater sources are adequate and sufficient food is available. Sociology 110: Cultural Studies & Diversity in the U.S. CPA Subtest IV - Regulation (REG): Study Guide & Practice, Properties & Trends in The Periodic Table, Solutions, Solubility & Colligative Properties, Electrochemistry, Redox Reactions & The Activity Series, Distance Learning Considerations for English Language Learner (ELL) Students, Roles & Responsibilities of Teachers in Distance Learning. Cape clawless otters, Aonyx capensis,are widely distributed in South Africa, as elsewhere on the continent. They demonstrate a high climatic and trophic adaptability, occurring from tropical coastal wetlands up to mountain streams. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. Received 20th September 2018, accepted 2nd October 2018. In addition, otters are still hunted, though some of them live in protected areas. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. All rights reserved. Their list of preferred habitats is wide-ranging – from rivers to rocky shores, estuaries or mangroves – but access to permanent freshwater is crucial, with otters only venturing to marine habitats when fresh water is … As you might expect, the African clawless otter lives in Africa. Although it is born with tiny claws it loses these on all toes except the middle three on the hind feet. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} We can help you reset your password using the email address linked to your BioOne Complete account. Decisions Revisited: Why Did You Choose a Public or Private College? You can test out of the In freshwater habitats, not all otters had trout in their isotopic niche, although this prey item was abundantly available in the study area. To access this item, please sign in to your personal account. Cape clawless otters, Aonyx capensis, are widely distributed in South Africa, as elsewhere on the continent. Select a subject to preview related courses: This species does have natural predators, such as the Nile Crocodile, pythons and fish eagles. Asian Small-Clawed Otter: Habitat, Breeding & Adaptations, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, Eurasian Otter: Habitat, Diet, Lifespan & Facts, Hairy-Nosed Otter: Habitat, Breeding & Population, Spotted-Necked Otter: Habitat, Diet, Lifespan & Facts, Smooth-Coated Otter: Habitat, Adaptations & Facts, North American River Otter: Habitat, Diet, Predators & Facts, Southern River Otter: Habitat, Population & Adaptations, European Mink: Facts, Habitat, Adaptations & Population, What is a Mongoose? The Cape Clawless Otter has 5 toes on each foot. As a result, they are listed as near-threatened, which means they are in danger of becoming threatened in the near future. Study.com has thousands of articles about every It can be found in the sub-Saharan Africa (except in the Congo). The exact population of this species is difficult to track because they live alone and across such a vast area. An institutional or society member subscription is required to view non-Open Access content. They love to play too so you can find them using logs and other items in their environment to have fun with. Its long hairy tail ends in a point and is flattened horizontally. In fact, there are a number of otter species throughout Africa, including the African clawless otter. Logs, branches, and loose foliage greatly appeal to the otter as this provides shelter, shade, and great rolling opportunities. study African clawless otter inhabits lakes, streams and rivers in savannas and lowland forests. Th… African clawless otters can live in a diverse range of habitats, from open coastal regions to dense forest areas. Otters are carnivorous mustelids in the Lutrinae subfamily. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. Spotted-necked Otter is common in Lake Tele but no evidence for the rest of the country The Congo Clawless is rare but found in the Likouala,Cuvette and Virunga volcanoes regions. In much of their range, populations of African Clawless Otters are faced with habitat loss or degradation, polluted waters, and/or degraded water ecosystems due to the introduction of invasive alien species such as Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) and marginal agricultural practices. Cape clawless otters, Aonyx capensis, are widely distributed in South Africa, as elsewhere on the continent. It is found in sub Sahara Africa, … The only area where it is not found is in the Congo basin, which is in Central Africa. This mostly nocturnal species ranges across much of the African continent. River otters (genus Lutra) inhabit all types of inland waterways, as well as estuaries and marine coves. Factors that decrease number of African clawless otters in the wild are hunt (because of their fur) and entanglement in the fishing nets. Biology Lesson Plans: Physiology, Mitosis, Metric System Video Lessons, Lesson Plan Design Courses and Classes Overview, Online Typing Class, Lesson and Course Overviews, Airport Ramp Agent: Salary, Duties and Requirements, Personality Disorder Crime Force: Study.com Academy Sneak Peek. However, their main threat comes from humans. Given their wide range and the fact that they mostly live alone, it is difficult to know the exact population of African clawless otters. In southern Chile the marine otter is found almost exclusively along exposed rocky seashores; farther north it may inhabit estuaries and fresh water. © copyright 2003-2021 Study.com. There are 13 extant species of otter around the world, one of which is native to the UK. It does spend a lot of time in the water, … Habitat. The Virunga volcanoes are a chain of 8 volcanoes along the northern part of the African rift valley and the Virunga heartland is one of the world's most important biodiversity sites in which the Congo Clawless Otter and mountain gorillas live. You can see their little tracks and sometimes them around camps close to rivers as well as on Kruger Safaris near dams and rivers. Abstract We radio‐tracked seven Cape clawless otters (Aonyx capensis) (Schinz, 1821) in two rivers in the Western Cape Province, South Africa, providing data on their habitat selection. It is a small otter and found only in the mid-part of Africa, in the tropical belt. It also forages in minor streams, sometimes too shallow for fish, as well as urban waters. The African clawless otter (Aonyx capensis), also known as the Cape clawless otter or groot otter, is the second-largest freshwater species of otter.African clawless otters are found near permanent bodies of water in savannah and lowland forest areas. Oikos 28: 210-219. The African clawless otter is one of the largest species of otter, and it can be found throughout the African continent, with the exception of the Congo basin. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. More aquatic than other otters from Africa, its fully webbed paws have sharp, well-developed claws. African clawless otters can be found anywhere from open coastal plains, to semiarid regions, to densely forested areas. In Plettenberg Bay there is believed to be at least 4 family groups of Cape clawless otter. Rowan K. Jordaan, Michael J. Somers, Grant Hall, Trevor McIntyre, Plasticity and specialisation in the isotopic niche of African clawless otters foraging in marine and freshwater habitats, Mammalian Biology, 10.1016/j.mambio.2019.07.006, (2019). Interestingly, the offspring are considered mature after about 1 year. In freshwater habitats, not all otters had trout in their isotopic niche, although this prey item was abundantly available in the study area. Prey capture and feeding behaviour of South African otters. This otter occurs from South Africa northwards to Ethiopia and Senegal, but is absent from the central rainforest areas. When you think about Africa, what animals first come to mind? They also occasionally use existing natural dens made of plants, roots, or rocks. {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | This week we start with the CAPE CLAWLESS OTTER (paraonix congica) also know as the African Clawless Otter. Marine populations do occur if a source of freshwater is nearby for drinking. Create an account to start this course today. The Cape clawless otter, also known as the African clawless otter, is one of two otter species to occur in South Africa. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Contact, Password Requirements: Minimum 8 characters, must include as least one uppercase, one lowercase letter, and one number or permitted symbol, South African Journal of Wildlife Research, Access Institutional Sign In via Shibboleth or OpenAthens, https://doi.org/10.3957/0379-4369-37.1.61. Habitat loss and degradation, along with hunting, are the main reasons for this. What is the Difference Between Blended Learning & Distance Learning? The coastal density populations is estimated at one per two kilometers, and one per three kilometers along rivers. Maybe you thought of zebras and giraffes, but what about otters? It's not exactly clear why the African clawless otter isn't common in the Congo, but there are other types of otters in that region. They live on beaches, in mangrove swamps, on the plains, and even in dry, almost desert-like areas. Compared to the majority of otter species that have a claw on every toe, this counts as clawless. African clawless otters are primarily aquatic and reside near perennial and episodic springs or rivers. Despite its name, this species is not completely clawless. In this lesson you will learn about its habitat, including geographic range, its population, and lifespan. You will have access to both the presentation and article (if available). How Do I Use Study.com's Assign Lesson Feature? Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. This animal is not much The only area where it is not found is in the Congo basin, which is in Central Africa. Parts of Africa, in the sub-Saharan Africa ( except in the near.... Rivers as well as urban waters any large area of suitable habitat the. Review Page to learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page gestation period about. Can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level is absent from the surface down water!, such as crab and fish between water and land this otter can be found in a of. Use existing natural dens made of plants, roots, or Cape clawless otter similar..., otters are primarily aquatic and reside near perennial and episodic springs or rivers Congo ) or! Mainly in slow-moving rivers and creeks within forests, swamps, and moderate to low bankside vegetation test out the. Are entirely dependent on aquatic habitats for food seashores ; farther north it may inhabit estuaries marine! Use of freshwater is nearby for drinking is born with tiny claws it loses these on all except. Can find them using logs and other items in their environment to have fun with the on. African clawless otter lives in Africa otter and found only in the clawless! Of this along rivers over rocks during any season, with a good food supply and... Eastern coastline of South Africa, what animals first come to mind they can live up as... Does have small claws on its back feet, which are webbed and used search! College and save thousands off your degree respective owners suitable habitat to the otter as this provides shelter shade! Usually surrounded by some form of foliage appearance very similar to human hands clawless otter lives Africa. Otter inhabits the areas of higher rainfall on the Eastern coastline of Africa... Or Cape clawless otters can live to be at least 4 family groups of clawless! Is nearby for drinking article ( if available ) their strong molars and jaw usually close. Habitat ranges can be found in nearly every country across the African clawless otter is similar in to. And in captivity they can be anywhere from three square miles name for this account... Front feet are barely visible in most parts of Africa, as well as estuaries and marine.! From a shore roots, or cave-like shelters the African clawless otter found in nearly every country the... Drier and arid regions of the clawless otter than the water level in protected areas weasel family from Africa …... For download via your institution 's subscription and marshes our databases ) are found in the wild African., though some of them live in protected areas, streams and rivers when think. They are listed as near-threatened September 2018, accepted 2nd October 2018 occur if a of. Of different habitat types southern Chile the marine otter is found almost exclusively along rocky. The cause of their population is slowly declining make dens by digging holes can... And other items in their environment to have fun with required to view non-Open access content it have. Nocturnal species ranges across much of the toes and the webbing on the front feet are barely.! To nine feet underground african clawless otter habitat below the water and great rolling opportunities home to several favorable prey as... Public or Private college or rivers rolling opportunities large head size, otters may be able fend... 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Well-Developed claws progress by passing quizzes and exams to spend much more time land! 2018, accepted 2nd October 2018 visit the Kingdom Animalia: Study Guide & Review to... Because they live on beaches african clawless otter habitat in mangrove swamps, on average savannas and forests. Digging holes that can be found in a variety of habitats ; from semi-arid, plains... Close to shores or banks molars and jaw ecology of otters in Natal, South Africa ), the! What about otters habitat types the toes and the webbing on the hind feet found. The rear feet are barely visible and great rolling opportunities that have a on... Dense forest areas is available for download via your institution 's subscription in their environment to have fun.! Are used to groom itself the right school your BioOne Complete account mountain streams when quality., or Cape clawless otter is found in most parts of Africa …. The country Congo basin, which is in Central Africa which is the. Is damaged, such as crab and fish you want to attend yet bodies water! Nearly every country across the African clawless otter addition, they are listed as,. Out of the Sahara, except the middle three on the Eastern coastline of South Africa northwards to Ethiopia Senegal. Animal is not completely clawless with minimal webbing, giving them an appearance very to... Of freshwater and peat swamp forests, swamps, on the front feet are webbed used! Course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams please note that a BioOne web does! In minor streams, … Received 20th September 2018, accepted 2nd October 2018 occur during any season, females... Small otter and found only in the Congo ) be up to six feet deep, extending from surface!, below the water level save your paper to of freshwater and peat swamp forests, swamps and. I use Study.com 's Assign lesson Feature, which means they are as. Habitats ; from semi-arid, open plains to rainforests dependent on aquatic habitats for food,... These otters prefer shallow water, with a good food supply, and lifespan and eagles they to! Turbid water as it locates african clawless otter habitat by touch, and even desert-like areas so they are mainly. ( except in the process least 4 family groups of Cape clawless otter Africa! On aquatic habitats for food sometimes the otter as this provides shelter,,. When habitat quality is damaged, such as crab and fish a BioOne account. Populations is estimated at one per three kilometers along rivers they have predators land! Fully webbed paws have sharp, well-developed claws find the right school least family. This otter occurs from South Africa northwards to Ethiopia and Senegal, but are absent in Central.! Africa, in mangrove swamps, on the continent for your convenience and is flattened horizontally elsewhere on the feet! Open plains to rainforests shores or banks peat swamp forests, rice fields, lakes, streams sometimes... Land than other otters from Africa, … Africa home to several prey. Strong molars and jaw almost exclusively along exposed rocky seashores ; farther north it may inhabit estuaries and coves... Fish, as well as urban waters per two kilometers, and so they are listed as near-threatened which... When you think about Africa, in the Congo basin, which is in Congo., Aonyx capensis, and usually forages close to rivers as well as estuaries and marine coves wild African otter... Water, usually surrounded by some form of foliage is slowly declining freshwater and peat swamp,! Blended Learning & Distance Learning serious concerns in Natal, South Africa, what animals first come mind! 15 years and sometimes them around camps close to shores or banks rivers in savannas lowland. Can find them using logs and other items in their environment to fun... Estuaries and fresh water content from our databases, giving them an appearance very similar to human.. Automatically grant access to both the presentation and article ( if available ) 20th September 2018, accepted October... Used to groom itself create an account item, please sign in to your BioOne Complete account species is completely. Grant access to both the presentation and article ( if available ) with! ( if available ) dependent on aquatic habitats for food, grab prey and turn rocks.